- Over-the-Counter Drugs
- Prescription Drugs
Narcotics are a controlled substance – Schedule I to Schedule V
What are narcotics?
Narcotics consist of opium, opium derivatives and semi-synthetic substitutes. Prescription narcotics include OxyCotin, Vicodin, oxycodone, hydrocodone, codeine, morphine, methadone and fentanyl.
Common names include M, Morph, OC, Ox, Oxy, Oxycotton, Percs, Dope or Painkillers.
How are narcotics abused?
Prescription narcotics are the most abused medicines today. Almost 30 million people in the U.S. have used prescription pain relievers for non-medical purposes.
How do narcotics affect a person?
Narcotics produce a short-lived, intense euphoric experience by reducing pain, stress, tension and anxiety. Excessive use of narcotics can cause hallucinations, breathing difficulties, high blood pressure, heart palpitations and excessive sweating.
What are the health effects/risks of using narcotics?
As the effects of narcotics subside, a user can become anxious, paranoid and aggressive. This leads to higher, more frequent doses or excessive consumption of alcohol and other drugs. A large single dose of narcotics can cause severe respiratory depression or death.
In addition to addiction, long-term use can cause permanent damage to both the central nervous system and brain. Withdrawal symptoms include restlessness, drowsiness, nausea and dizziness.