- Over-the-Counter Drugs
- Prescription Drugs
What is Suboxone?
Suboxone is a brand name prescription medication used to treat opiate/narcotic addiction. It contains a combination of buprenorphine and naloxone. The buprenorphine is an opioid medication, but it eases cravings by not providing the same intense highs as other opiates.
Naloxone blocks the effects of opioid medication, discouraging misuse and minimizing the risk of overdose.
How is Suboxone abused?
Suboxone is taken orally in pill or strip form. Abusers will either crush the pills into a powder form to snort it or melt the powder down for injection.
How does Suboxone affect a person?
Buprenorphine is a partial opioid which causes less of an effect when it attaches to an opioid receptor in the brain. It produces a slightly pleasurable or energized sensation for those with an opioid addiction.
Naloxone is an opioid antagonist. When taken properly, naloxone is not absorbed into the bloodstream in any significant amount. If Suboxone is crushed and snorted or injected, it will travel rapidly to the opioid receptors and counteract any opioids already there. This can cause immediate and severe withdrawal symptoms.
What are the health effects/risks of using Suboxone?
Suboxone causes a mild sense of euphoria, calm and general well-being. There can be a perceived lack of worries and lower stress. Taking an increased amount of Suboxone in a short period, or when it is not being used to treat opioid addiction can cause sleepiness, confusion, nausea and respiratory depression.